Higher levels of DHA in breast milk than are typically provided for breast-fed infants in North America have been reported to better support optimal cognitive and visual development in full-term infants by providing this physiologically essential nutrient to the brain and retina of the eye, respectively. Levels of 0.32 – 0.35 % of total milk fat fatty acids as DHA would provide at least 100 mgs/infant.day as recommended by various international organizations (Hoffman, D. R. et al., PLEFA, 81: 151-158, 2009). Testing for the breast milk DHA OmegaScore supports dietary and nutritional supplement approaches to ensure entry into the target DHA levels. Minimal maternal intakes of 200-300 mgs DHA/day during lactation can be expected to meet target levels in the vast majority of mothers within 10 days. Re-testing can ensure that such targets are fulfilled.